Sai (saizai) wrote in conlangs_decal,
Sai
saizai
conlangs_decal

Class language so far

Code name: Scratch - [skr&t_S]

Babel 1

krɛʃ ðɛʙrik krɛt͡s çikθamut ʒik t͡ʃæɣeʃ qɯ ðræk
kɹɛʃ ðɛʙik krɛt͡s çikθamut ʒik t͡ʃæɣeʃ qɯ ðɹæk.

krES DEB\rik krEt_s CikTamut Zik t_S&GeS qM Dr&k
kr\ES DEB\ik krEt_s CikTamut Zik t_S&GeS qM Dr\&k.
long-ago inhabited-place in-all people next-to language 1-EMPH CLASS(lang)
Long ago, people everywhere had ONE language.

Babel 2a

ɯp̚ loːj tæʙɹ̩ riuʘɫ̩ t͡ʃakɛʃ d͡ʒaɹ
ɯp loːj tæʙ-ɹ̩ riuʘ-ɫ̩ t͡ʃakɛʃ d͡ʒaɹ.

Mp_} lo:j t&B\r\= riuO\5= t_SakES d_Zar\
Mp lo:j t&B\-r\= riuO\-5= t_SakES d_Zar\.
sometime-later Lo!-EMPH 3-pl-far-anim-ERG mountain-ABS moonrise push-NONDIR
And then, LO!, Moonrise Mountain pushed out / scattered (the) people.

Babel 2b

tæʙɹ̩ ʃɪnaɹɫ̩ təm qir
tæʙ-ɹ̩ ʃɪnaɹ-ɫ̩ təm qir.

t&B\r\= SInar\5= t@m qir
t&B\-r\= SInar\-5= t@m qir.
3-pl-far-anim-ERG Shinar-ABS CLASS(flat & wide) pull-DIR
Shinar pulled the people towards itself.

Babel 2c

tɔsɹ̩ tæʙɫ̩ ðɛt͡s
tɔs-ɹ̩ tæʙ-ɫ̩ ðɛt͡s.

tOsr\= t&B5= DEt_s
tOs-r\= t&B-5= DEt_s.
3-sg-far-inanim-ERG 3-pl-far-anim-ABS inhabit
They inhabited it.


Syntax:
S := (TIME) Obj-ERG Subj-ABS Verb
S := (TIME) LocP NP
ERG := -r\=
ABS := -5=
LocP := AdvP Obj LocArticle
NP := #P
NP := N CLASS (semi-adjectival use)
NP := N Adj
#P := N_a # CLASS_a

Unusual vocab:
push: q&r (directional) / d_Zar\ (non-directional)
pull: qir (dir) / d_Zur\ (non-dir)
- "directional" vs not as in gunshot or grab-and-pull vs. explosion or spherical magnet

Pronouns are in form: CVC
first C = person
1st p
2nd k
3rd t

second C = #
1(sg) s
2(dl) T
3(tr) D
4+(pl) B\

vowel height = psychological/physical distance (high = close / low = far)
- exception: for 1st person dl/tr/pl, near = inclusive-"we" and far = exclusive-"we"

vowel backness = animacy (front = animate / back = inanimate)


Classifiers:
t@m - flat, wide things
Dr\&k - languages, cultures, etc


Approx. phonemic inventory:
Vowels: eʲ ɪ i ɛ æ u ə a
e_j I i E & u @ a
Consonants: ç ɣ {ɹ r} {ʙ ʘ} m k q ʃ ʒ θ ð t͡s t͡ʃ
C G {r\ r} {B O\} m k q S Z T D t_s t_S
- {A B C D} indicates a phoneme, with A the prime and B... the variants

Phonotactic: (C)(C)V(C), unspecified restrictions on the onset cluster; continuants

allowed as syllabic nuclei

Sound change rules:
/r\/ -> [r] / _ V
/B\/ -> [O\] / _ #
/ / -> [r] / B_V
/vl stop/ -> [vl stop_}] / _ EMPH <- semantically-conditioned!

Example sentence: ræ kra çɛʃ. t͡suk ʙ kiɹ t͡sɛʘ t͡ʃiʘ ðɪʃkaɹ kçiç krɛ t͡sut͡s.
r& kra CES. t_suk B\ kir/ t_sEO\ t_SiO\ DISkar\ kCiC krE t_sut_s.

Approx. translation: AAAAH! DRAGON!

Meanings:
B - exclamation / morpheme (?); indicates surprise or emphasis of some kind; emphasizes

previous word
t_SiO\ - dragon
DISkar - a particular dragon named [DISkar]
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